Swales defines discourse community as a group that has the same goals, and they communicate to get these goals done. It would be its “own” genre because each group of individuals might have different goals. Which would lead to a different rhetorical situation and audience. And would eventually lead to a different system of activities.
Speech community share a more broader spectrum of goals. While discourse community would be more specific with their beliefs and goals. Those are the major differences between speech and discourse communities. An example of discourse community could be politics, rather your a democrat or a republican. This is a discourse belief because each party has goals and somewhat same beliefs.
The first discourse community I belong to is being a Christian, and my religion. The goals would be spreading good morals. The intercommunication would be going to mass. The third Swales characteristic would be getting information from churchgoers. The genres would be the Bible, prayer, song, and etc. The lexis is the pope and god for example. The final charateristc would be the pope or a priest since they are more higher up.
The second discourse community I belong to would be my family. The goals between us would be staying close to each other and having a good bond. The intercommunication would be our annual family parties. The third characterisitic is to have good communication. The genres are texting, writing letters, and having family photos. The lexis of our group would be our grandparents because they’re the ones that started it all. The final characteristic would be, having to be related to us.
Swales, John: The Concept of Discourse Community